A53A, A53B, A53F, A106
ASTM grades of carbon steel pipe
on or in a vessel
when a vessel runs alongside of another vessel
a vessel floating with the wind and tide
American Gas Association
a vessel that is touching bottom and is unable to move
Carries airplanes, allows planes to takeoff from and land on the ship
American Iron and Steel Institute
a heavy object attached to a vessel by a cable or rope and cast overboard to keep the vessel in place either by its weight or its flukes, which grip the bottom
American National Standards Institute. Formerly the ASA American Standards Association
American Petroleum Institute
American Society for Mechanical Engineers
American Society of Testing Materials
American Water Works Association
Term associated with banded lifts of pipe.
An equation which shows the relationship of internal pressure to allowable stress, nominal thickness and diameter.
the width of the vessel at its widest point
The angle formed between the prepared edge of the end of the pipe and a plane perpendicular to the surface of the member. The standard bevel for line pipe is 30o to facilitate welding.
A solid semi finished round or square product that has been hot worked by forging, rolling or extrusion. For seamless tubular products, the billet is heated and pierced to form a tube hollow.
Denotes lacquered OD finish (as opposed to bare or galvanized)
a large spear extending from a mast to hold or extend the foot of a sail
the forward end of the vessel
Internal (female) threaded end.
Hardness testing system which measures indentation of the subject using a standard weight, shaped point.
Buttress threaded and coupled.
Carries bulk goods, often grains.
the raised portion of the sides of a vessel around the main deck to prevent crew, cargo, and passengers from being washed overboard
Term associated with practice of packaging NPS 1 1/2" and smaller pipe. Pieces per bundle vary depending upon size.
Internal pressure at which tube will yield - often tested hydrostatically.
A destructive hydraulic test employed to determine actual yield strength and ultimate strength of both seamless and welded pipe.
(See Continuous Weld)
Cable Layer Ship
Ship which lays cable on the ocean floor
Computer aided design
Computer aided manufacturing
to upset or overturn
Any ship which transports cargo
Pipe used as a structural retainer for the walls of a drilled hole.
Hundred foot (sometimes used in pricing, i.e. $425.97/cft vs. $4.2597/ft.)
A beveled surface to eliminate an otherwise sharp corner.
a broad straight, especially one that connects two seas. for example: the English Channel
Normally associated with a limited number of chemical elements; however, depending upon the specification, practically a full analysis may be required. Minimum or maximum limits are established in Standards.
Transports tanks of chemicals
a fitting of wood or metal with two horns used for securing lines
Computer numerically controlled - refers to machinery.
Pipe or tubing which is pulled through a die to reduce diameter and wall. This process usually produces closer tolerances and higher strength.
Ship that transports containers
Small, maneuverable, lightly armed war ship
Threaded sleeve used to connect two lengths of pipe.
person in charge while on a lifeboat
Crane Support Ships
Ships with cranes attached; help other ships load and unload cargo
the top of a wave
Ship people go on for vacations
Pipe cut to a specific length as ordered.
Continuous Weld a method of producing small diameter pipe (1/2 - 4")
Hundred Weight. Often used in handling or trucking pricing, i.e. .30/cwt load out charge or $1.65/cwt (freight) with a minimum such as 30,000#.
the practice of estimating a vessel's position by considering courses and distances made after departure from a known position
a vessel abandoned or forsaken on the high seas
Permanent marking placed on pipe as required by some specifications.
a platform, landing area that ships can pull up to to load and unload cargo.
Double Extra Strong
Standard pipe weight designation (XXS). Sometimes described as XXH (double extra heavy).
the depth of water required to float a vessel
Retrieves minerals and other materials from the bottom of the ocean
Minimum ID clearance verified by pulling a mandrel of known size through a length of pipe.
Vessels which can drill for oil while at sea. see the gallery
Double Random Length (35' minimum average or as defined in specifications).
a type of sea anchor used to stabilize a vessel in dangerous seas
Double Submerged Arc Weld.
The ability of a material to deform plastically without fracturing, being measured by elongation or reduction of area in a tensile test or by other means.
Eddy Current Testing
Non destructive testing method in which eddy current flow is induced in the test object. Changes in the flow caused by variations in the object are reflected into a nearby coil or coils for subsequent analysis by suitable instrumentation and techniques.
In tensile testing, the increase in the gage length, measured after fracture of the specimen within the gage length, usually expressed as a percentage of the original gage length.
Electromagnetic inspection a method of determining wall thickness and detecting imperfections in steel tubes.
Electric Resistance Weld. See High Frequency Welding.
External upset ends forging of ends on (API) tubing and drill pipe to provide additional thickness for strengthening connections.
Electric Weld. See High Frequency Weld.
Pipe which has been enlarged circumferentially by mechanical or hydraulic pressure.
Standard pipe weight designation (XS). Sometimes described as XH (extra heavy).
a measurement of depth, one fathom is equal to six feet
Transports cars short distances
Boats that help put out fires on ships
Fish Catching Vessels
Vessels which Lay down nets to collect fish
a pyrotechnic device used for attracting attention or indicating distress
A quality test for pipe in which a specimen is flattened between parallel plates that are closed to a specified height.
Full Length Drift (as opposed to "end drift") usually performed as part of used tubing or casing (OCTG) inspection.
to fill with water and sink at sea
Connection with male and female threads cut directly into the pipe (as opposed to T&C). This provides the same ID and OD clearance as in the middle of the tube, once lengths are joined.
Free On Board used to denote where pipe is to be provided to the buyer.
the area on a vessel containing the cooking facilities
a passage along either side of the ship's upper deck; an opening on the side of a ship where passengers may board
a door in the roof or floor, often above a cargo hold
a vessel's forward movement
to pull on
the steering mechanism of a vessel
High Frequency Welding
A technique employed in the manufacture of electric resistance weld pipe. Typical radio frequency power for welding is supplied at 450,000 cycles/sec.
to raise up
the lower interior part of a ship where cargo is held
Permanent marking placed on pipe as employed by manufacturer or as established by specification.
Testing done on the nature of waves.
Normal mill test as required by specifications. The pipe ends are sealed and high pressure water is introduced to predetermined pressures as required by specifications.
Designed to break up ice for travel in Polar Regions
A test performed at a specified temperature (usually lower than ambient) to determine the behavior of materials when subjected to high rates of loading, usually in bending, tension or torsion. The quantity measured is the energy absorbed in breaking the specimen by a single blow, as in a Charpy Test.
Continuous printing identification associated with NPS 1 1/2 and smaller pipe. Detail is normally limited to the trademark and "Made in USA".
throwing cargo and other materials overboard to lighten a vessel and help it remain afloat
One length of pipe
Chinese sailing vessel
the continuous section of a vessel running from the bow (front) to the stern (back) on which the vessel is built, the backbone of the vessel
A unit of weight equal to 1,000 pounds used to express dead weight.
a measurement of speed equal to one nautical mile (6,080 ft. per hour), one knot is equal to one and one seventh miles per hour and it is the length of one minute of longitude at the equator
the side of the vessel opposite the side where the wind is blowing
Term associated with separated segments of pipe (banded or unbanded for ease of handling).
Liquefied Natural Gas Carrier
Vessels that transport fuel in the form of liquefied natural gas. In order to keep the gas in liquid form, the tanks are kept at a temperature of -260 degrees Fahrenheit. LNGs are required to have the gas surrounded by at least two tanks in case the first one breaks. They aren't allowed in many ports because of their large size and the huge fire hazard they pose.
Limited Service pipe not meeting specification, usually rejected at the mill.
Loaded Trucks used in price quotation to indicate seller pays for handling.
Long Thread and Coupling (OCTG casing connection)
Carries large amounts of lumber
One of several methods of non destructive testing. A non destructive method of inspection for determining the existence and extent of possible defects in ferromagnetic materials. Finely divided magnetic particles, applied to the magnetized part, are attracted to and outline the pattern of and magnetic leakage fields created by discontinuities.
The properties of a material that reveal its elastic and inelastic behavior where force is applied, thereby indicating its suitability for mechanical application; for example, tensile strength, elongation, hardness and fatigue limit.
to tie two lines together
Two or more joints welded to form a longer one.
the standard unit of measurement for maritime navigation which equals 6,080 feet and represents one minute of latitude
Short length of pipe (<12") threaded on both ends
Pipe size or wall thickness as specified (not actual). Sizes refer to approximate ID, even though OD is the fixed dimension.
Heating a ferrous material to a suitable temperature above the transformation range and then cooling in air to a temperature substantially below the transformation range.
A dimensionless designator for such traditional terms as "nominal diameter", "size", and "nominal size". Corresponds to actual outside diameter only in sizes 14 inches and over.
Non upset end OCTG tubing description (not as common as EUE)
Passenger ship, crosses oceans; was supplanted by airlines
Ocean Mining Vessels
Vessels with the ability to mine for resources from the sea
Ship for the purpose of marine research. Often studies marine life, tides, waves, plant life, weather at sea.
Oil Country Tubular Goods pipe made to API specifications
Offshore Supply Boats
Supplies transportation services to offshore drilling rigs
Transports oil in large tanks
(See Black Oiled)
Pounds per square inch
Ship with maximum dimensions for fitting through the Panama Canal. 1000ft. long, 110ft. wide, 85 ft. deep
Plain End Beveled
Pipe immersed into acid bath for removal of scale, oil, dirt, etc.
Helps ships navigate in and out of harbors
External (male) threaded end
the left side of a vessel when facing forward
Plastic, steel or composite cap to protect threads from handling damage
a dock parallel to the shoreline and accommodating vessels on one side only
R & D
Reamed and Drifted. Pipe commonly used in water wells which has a special, heavy duty coupling and a guaranteed I.D. clearance.
(R1, R2, R3) lengths of OCTG (Range 1 casing 16-25') (Range 2 casing 25-34') (Range 3 casing 34-48') (Range 1 tubing 20-24') (Range 2 tubing 28-32')
Ship with cargo that must be refrigerated. Usually foodstuffs, fruit, fish,
Relative resistance of a metal to indentation by a diamond cone, as expressed in hardness scale units (A, B, C or G)
n Roll-off- Transports wheeled cargo
the motion of a ship swinging from side to side caused by the pressure of the waves on the side if the ship
Submerged arc weld a method of producing very large OD pipe
Square cut plain end pipe
Numbers assigned to different wall thicknesses of pipe (i.e. sch. 40)
Special End Area inspection to check for defects at either end of a steel tube which is also being inspected electronically. (EMI misses the ends.)
the navigable portion of the sea
able to withstand the dangers of the sea
the curvature of a ship's deck from bow to stern
Sub sometimes run on bottom of casing string with special metallurgy or design to help pipe to bottom through tight or bridged spots in drill hole.
A piece or strip of metal produced to a suitable thickness, width and edge configuration, from which welded pipe is made.
the act of measuring depth of water by using a lead line or a fathometer
Single Random Length (16-22 ft. for standard weight ASTM pipe or as defined in specifications).
the right side of a vessel when facing forward
Short Thread and Coupling (OCTG casing connection).
Standard reference to wall thickness of line pipe (=sch. 40 for 1/8 - 10").
Paint spray identification placed on pipe. Specification size, wall, grade, test pressure, method of manufacture and normal mill characters and mill identification are usually included; however, detail varies by specification. "Country of Origin" is included.
the back end of a vessel
the backward motion of a vessel when it is carried or propelled backward
A technique employed in the manufacture of continuous weld pipe and in certain instances in the manufacture of seamless and electric resistance weld pipe. It involves one or several "master" sizes which are stretch reduced or rolled under tension through a number of stands to achieve a variety of standard pipe diameters and walls.
A sheet of metal in which the length is many times the width.
A short coupling with different types and/or sizes of ends.
Designed to travel mainly underwater
Threaded and Coupled.
Tested and Drifted one method of verifying integrity of used tubing and casing (OCTG). "Test" refers to hydrostatic: ends are sealed and water pumped inside to a predetermined pressure. (See drift def. above).
Threaded Both Ends
Services another type of air or sea vessel
In tensile testing, the ratio of maximum load to original cross sectional area. Also, called ultimate strength. Usually expressed in pounds per square inch.
Specified allowance (plus or minus) of the given dimension of a finished product due to inaccuracies in manufacturing; usually quite small (thousandths of an inch or very small percentage) and often part of a standard such as ASTM or API.
Threaded tube, usually thicker and harder, welded onto pipe to provide joint strength and durability exceeding that of flush joint or T&C connections.
Pulls other boats
An electronic method of non destructive testing utilizing sound waves.
to change the direction of a vessel in reference to the wind
Joint grooves in the ends of pipe to accommodate a coupling.
the side of the vessel towards which the wind is blowing
Extra Heavy pipe about 50% thicker than standard (=sch. 80 for 1/8 - 8")
Double Extra Heavy twice as thick as xhy for 1/2 - 6"
The stress at which a material exhibits a specified deviation from proportionality of stress and strain. An offset of 0.2% is used for many metals including steels.